22 April 2015

goose is hanari (revisited)

hanari = goose (noun) (some things Google found for "hanari": an uncommon term; Hanari (and similar Hañari) is an unusual last name; a rare first name; Hanari Solomon is a female cosplayer; Hanari Apartment in Osaka, Japan; similar Hannari Tofu Japanese cushions and plush toys; name of places in Iraq, South Korea and Pakistan)

Word derivation for "goose" :
Basque = antzara, Finnish = hanhi
Miresua = hanari

My previous Miresua conlang word for goose was hanira. This is a small change to make the word no longer end in -A.

I found the word goose, as in a bird, in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in a stanza of the poem "You Are Old, Father William".
"You are old," said the youth, "And your jaws are too weak
For anything tougher than suet;
Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and the beak—
Pray, how did you manage to do it?"

18 April 2015

final (last) is apulen

apulen = final (adjective) (some things Google found for "apulen": an unusual term; user names; similar Apuleni is a rare last name; Ye Pikvu Apulen Shet is a Marathi song title; Rio Apulen (or Appeleg) may be the name of river on the Argentina - Chile border; similar Apulien is the German name for Apulia which is a region of southern Italy)

Word derivation for "final (last, ultimate)":
Basque = azken, Finnish = lopullinen
Miresua = apulen

Another Basque word for final is the similar azkeneko. Another Finnish word for final is viimeinen.

The word final does not appear in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland or Through the Looking-Glass.

14 April 2015

last (most recent) is vizke

vizke = last (adjective) (some things Google found for "vizke": a rare term; user names; a rare last name; similar Vizkeleti is an unusual last name that can be Hungarian; similar Vizka is the name of a place in the Czech Republic)

Word derivation for "last (most recent, last so far)":
Basque = azken, Finnish = viime
Miresua = vizke

The word last occurs many times in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Most occurrences are as at last, although a handful are adjectives meaning most recent.
"We quarrelled last March -- just before HE went mad, you know --" (pointing with his tea spoon at the March Hare,)...

10 April 2015

wing is heipi

heipi = wing (noun) (some things Google found for "heipi": an unusual to uncommon term; rare first name and rare last name that can possibly be Chinese; user names; Acantholaimus heipi is a species of roundworm; HEIPI is an acronym for HEI Properties, Inc.; misspelling of the name Heidi; misspelling of happy; similar Heipu is the name of a place in China)

Word derivation for "wing" :
Basque = hegal, Finnish = siipi
Miresua = heipi

I found one occurrence of the plural word wings in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
...a sharp hiss made her draw back in a hurry: a large pigeon had flown into her face, and was beating her violently with its wings.

06 April 2015

creature is izolo

izolo = creature (noun) (some things Google found for "izolo": an uncommon term; in Zulu and Xhosa izolo means yesterday; Izolo (A Trip Into the Past) is a South African music album by Children of Nandi; name of a World of Warcraft character; similar Izolô Acessórios of Brazil sells jewelry and watches; iZolo Ltd of the UK is an app developer; a very rare first name and last name; user names; similar Izola is the name of a place in Slovenia)

Word derivation for "creature" :
Basque = izaki, Finnish = olento
Miresua = izolo

The words creature and creatures appear over a dozen times in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
So she set the little creature down, and felt quite relieved to see it trot away quietly into the wood. "If it had grown up," she said to herself, "it would have made a dreadfully ugly child: but it makes rather a handsome pig, I think."

02 April 2015

timid is areke

areke = timid (adjective) (some things Google found for "areke": an uncommon term; a drinkable liquor produced in Ethiopia; an unusual often feminine first name; a rare last name; Pension Areke Chez Kayser is a hotel in the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia; apparently in Amharic which is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia areke means liquor; similar Areka is the name of a place in Ethiopia)

Word derivation for "timid" :
Basque = herabe, Finnish = arka
Miresua = areke

Another Basque word for timid is lotsati. Another Finnish word for timid is pelokas.

The word timid appears three times in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. In addition, timidly occurs nine times.
Alice felt so desperate that she was ready to ask help of any one; so, when the Rabbit came near her, she began, in a low, timid voice, "If you please, sir--" The Rabbit started violently, dropped the white kid gloves and the fan, and skurried away into the darkness as hard as he could go.

30 March 2015

triangle is kirolki

kirolki = triangle (shape) (noun) (some things Google found for "kirolki": a very rare term; user names; appears on a number of Polish websites; in Basque similar kirol means sport; in Finnish somewhat similar kirota means to curse, swear)

Word derivation for "triangle" :
Basque = hiruki, Finnish = kolmio
Miresua = kirolki

Another Basque word for triangle is triangelu.

Both the Basque word and the Finnish word appear to be derived from their language's word for three. (Three in Basque is hiru, three in Finnish is kolme.) My Miresua word for triangle somewhat resembles the Miresua word for three, kire.

The word triangle doesn't occur in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland or Through the Looking-glass.

26 March 2015

square is nelki (revisited)

nelki = square (shape) (noun) (some things Google found for "nelki": a uncommon term; an unusual last name; a rare first name; user names; means cloves in Silesian which is language of Poland or a dialect of Polish; similar nelk means cloves in Estonian; Nelki's Place is a hotel in Lagos, Nigeria)

Word derivation for "square" :
Basque = lauki, Finnish = neliö
Miresua = nelki

My previous Miresua word for square was nölai.

The Basque word lauki does mean square, but translates to quadrilateral, 4-sided polygon. I found another word in Basque, karratu, that specifically means square. Although I chose to use the Basque word lauki again because, like the Finnish word, neliö, it's derived from its language's word for four. (Four in Basque is lau, four in Finnish is neljä.) I made my new Miresua word for square resemble the Miresua word for four, nelu.

The word square doesn't appear in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. But square (and squares) appears numerous times in Through the Looking-glass.
For some minutes Alice stood without speaking, looking out in all directions over the country -- and a most curious country it was. There were a number of tiny little brooks running straight across it from side to side, and the ground between was divided up into squares by a number of little green hedges, that reached from brook to brook.

22 March 2015

circle is pyrku (revisited)

pyrku = circle (shape) (noun) (some things Google found for "pyrku": a rare term; user names; a very rare last name; Bad OCR of old text documents; word I can't translate on some Polish language webpages; similar Pyrke and Pyrko are unusual last names; similar Pyrki is the name of a place in far eastern Russia)

Word derivation for "circle":
Basque = zirkulu, Finnish = ympyrä
Miresua = pyrku

I'm redoing this word. My previous word for circle was zumyrä, which was an alphabetic scramble, plus it ended in Ä. I'm trying to reduce the number of nouns ending in A or Ä. Under my rules, it's allowable to make the Miresua word one letter shorter than the shortest source word. In this case, that's one letter shorter than the Finnish word, which is a six letter word.

The y in Miresua is pronounced as in Finnish, as u in French or ü in German.

There is only one occurrence of the word circle in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, in Chapter 3 - A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale.
First it marked out a race-course, in a sort of circle, ("the exact shape doesn't matter," it said,) and then all the party were placed along the course, here and there.

18 March 2015

round is bipöri

bipöri = round (shape) (adjective) (some things Google found for "bipori": a rare term; user names; seems to mean biopore in Indonesian; similar Biporo is the name of a place in the Solomon Islands)

Word derivation for "round" (circular or cylindrical):
Basque = biribil, Finnish = pyöreä
Miresua = bipöri

I found the word round numerous times in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, although all but three were in contexts which I, being an American, would have likely used the word around instead. This is a difference between British English and American English. Alice's author, Lewis Carroll, was a 19th century English writer.
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the mushroom for a minute, trying to make out which were the two sides of it; and as it was perfectly round...

14 March 2015

flat is lati

lati = flat (shape) (adjective) (some things Google found for "lati": a common term; LATI is an acronym for Lake Area Technical Institute of South Dakota; a unusual to uncommon last name; an unusual first name that can be feminine or masculine; Lati (aka White Wenge) is a species of wood from Africa; Café Lati in Seattle; LATI is an acronym for Los Angeles Taiko Institute which is a Japanese drumming school; Lati doll of South Korea sells collector dolls; in Italian lati means sides; in Latvian lati is the nominative plural of lats which was a former monetary unit of Latvia; similar Läti is the name of places in Estonia; name of places in Iran, Senegal, Afghanistan, Niger, the Philippines and Pakistan)

Word derivation for "flat" (having no variations in height):
Basque = lau, Finnish = litteä
Miresua = lati

I found the word flat twice in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
First came ten soldiers carrying clubs; these were all shaped like the three gardeners, oblong and flat, with their hands and feet at the corners...

10 March 2015

corner is izkuma

izkuma = corner (noun) (some things Google found for "izkuma": a rare term; user names which are often Japanese; in Serbo-Croatian similar iz Kuma seems to mean The Godfather)

Word derivation for "corner":
Basque = izkina, Finnish = kulma
Miresua = izkuma

There are other words in Basque and Finnish for corner. I think that these words are best for the meaning of corner, as in street corner.

The word corner appears four times (and corners once) in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
She was close behind it when she turned the corner, but the Rabbit was no longer to be seen...